NECO Syllabus for Civic Education 2024

The National Examination Council NECO has officially published areas of focus (NECO Syllabus) that are geared toward assisting students to gain high grades in their Civic Education examination.

The examination council is aware of how challenging some students may find civic education. As a result, it has chosen to provide a series of topics from which all of the NECO SSCE questions and answers will be derived.

This NECO Syllabus for Civic Education is of great importance because those looking for the NECO syllabus online will be candidates for the NECO exam in 2024/2025. In order to assist you to prepare, this article will provide you with the NECO Civic Education syllabus.

Students must study well if they want to achieve good grades in their exams because Civic Education is a very paramount subject and must be covered in the senior school examinations, whether they NECO or any other exams.

As a student hoping to achieve a good grade, We strongly suggest you thoroughly review the syllabus so you can adequately prepare to utilize the appropriate material and pass the upcoming examination.

NECO Syllabus for Civic Education 2024/2025

Below is the NECO syllabus for Civic Education 2024/2025. As an aspiring candidate sitting for the exam, we strongly advise that you go through this syllabus carefully.

If you want to be successful with Civic Education in Your 2024 SSCE & GCE, then you need to spend some quality time with this NECO Syllabus.

NECO Syllabus For Civic Education 

The WAEC and NECO exams are comparable to one another, but before we continue, we’d like to quickly emphasize that the NECO organization never releases syllabi. Consequently, you are free to continue viewing the WAEC & NECO Civic Education Syllabus below.

This syllabus aims at assessing the candidate’s ability to

1. Understand the importance of citizenship in society;

2. Explain the structure, functions, and responsibilities of government to the people ;

3. Know emerging issues in society;

4. Know your rights, responsibilities, and obligations to society and the government;

5. Embrace democratic principles and work to uphold them.


There will be two papers, Paper 1 and Paper 2; both of which will be in a composite paper and will be taken in one sitting.

Paper 1: This will be a 1-hour multiple-choice test consisting of fifty questions drawn from the entire syllabus and will carry 40 marks.

Paper 2: This paper will be a 2- hour essay type test consisting of three sections: Sections A, B, and C. Each section shall contain three questions.

Candidates will be required to answer four questions choosing at least one from each Section. The paper will carry 60 marks.

The sections shall cover the following areas of the syllabus:

Section A: National Ethics, discipline, rights, and Obligation

Section B: Emerging Issues in the society

Section C: Governmental System and Processes




1. Values

1) Definition,

2) Types

3) Importance of values to society.

2 Citizenship and Nationalism

1) Meaning of citizenship;

2) Meaning of citizenship education;

3) Goals of citizenship education;

4) Duties and obligations of citizens;

5) Meaning of nationalism;

6) Ways of promoting national consciousness, integrity, and unity in society;

7) The nationalistic roles of individuals and groups;

8) Identification of local and world civic problems.

3 Human Rights

1) Meaning of human rights;

2) Categories of human rights;

3) Characteristics of human rights;

4) Meaning and historical background of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR);

5) Meaning and identification of the seven core freedoms of UDHR;

6) Importance of UDHR;

7) Roles of individuals, groups, and government in UDHR;

8) Limitations to the exercise of human rights.

4 Law and Order

1) definition of Law and Order;

2) features of Law and Order;

3) importance of Law and Order in society;

4) meaning of constituted authority;

5) types of constituted authority;

6) importance and roles of constituted authority.

5 Responsible Parenthood

1) The meaning of responsible parenthood;

2) The roles of responsible parents;

3) The importance of responsible parenthood in national development.

6 Traffic Regulations

1) The meaning of traffic regulations;

2) traffic regulation and its importance in society;

3) the roles of the individual and government in maintaining traffic regulations.

7 Inter-Personal Relationships

a) Meaning of inter-personal relationships;

b) types of interpersonal relationships;

3) Skills that promote interpersonal relationships;

4) Meaning of intercommunal relationships;

5) Importance of inter-communal relationships;

6) Meaning of inter-communal conflicts.

7) Skills for resolving inter-communal conflicts.



8 Cultism

1) meaning and origin of cultism;

2) different cult groups in Nigeria and their symbols;

3) reasons for cultism;

4) consequences of cultism;

5) ways of preventing cultism in society.

9 Drugs and Drug Abuse

1) meaning of drug abuse;

2) drugs that can be abused;

3) how drugs are abused;

4) symptoms of drug abuse;

5) behaviors of drug addicts;

6) ways of preventing drug abuse;

7) government agencies working to prevent drug abuse/trafficking and their activities;

8) laws against drug abuse.

10 Human Trafficking

1) The meaning of human trafficking;

2) Causes of human trafficking;

3) Effects and consequences of human trafficking;

4) Efforts of government and individuals in stopping human trafficking.

11 Hiv/Aids

1) Meaning of HIV/AIDS;

2) Causes of HIV/AIDS;

3) Symptoms and effects of HIV/AIDS;

4) Prevention of HIV/AIDS;

5) Stigmatization of people living with HIV/AIDS.

12 Youth Empowerment

1) Meaning of youth empowerment;

2) Youth empowerment skills;

3) Importance and benefits of youth empowerment skills.

4) Efforts of government towards youth empowerment.



13 Structure and Functions of Government

1) Meaning of government;

2) Structure/tiers of government;

3) Functions of government.

14 Democracy, Rule of Law and National Development

1) Meaning, types, and features of democracy;

2) Importance of democracy;

3) Pillars of democracy;

4) Problems of democracy;

5) Meaning of rule of law;

6) Features of rule of law;

7) Importance of rule of law;

8) Problems of rule of law;

9) Meaning of national development;

10) How Democracy and Rule of law promote national development- good governance, employment creation, poverty alleviation, etc.

15 Political Apathy

1) Meaning of political apathy;

2) Causes of political apathy;

3) Consequences of political apathy;

4) Why leaders fail to protect the interests of their followers;

5) How leaders can protect the interests of their followers;

6) Ways of discouraging political apathy.

16 Civil Society and Popular Participation

1) The meaning of popular participation;

2) Types of popular participation;

3) The need for popular participation in society;

4) Traditional and modern modes of popular participation;

5) Achieving popular participation in politics;

6) Meaning of civil society;

7) Functions / need for civil society;

8) Qualities/characteristics of civil society; i.e. accountability, fairness, justice, equity, etc.

9) Problems of civil society; i.e. bribery and corruption, inadequate funding, the overbearing influence of foreign donors, etc.

17 Public Service in Democracy

1) Meaning of public service;

2) Functions of public service;

3) Problems of public service;

4) Reasons for the shortcomings in the public service;

5) Ways of improving public service.

Suggested Reading List

Politics and Administration in Nigeria. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Ltd, 1986.  by ADAMOLEKUN, L.

Principles and Practice of Public Administration in Nigeria. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Ltd, 2000.  by ADEBAYO, A.

Elements of Politics. Lagos: Sam Iroanusi Publications, 1999  by ANIFOWOSE, R. & F. ENEMUO (eds)

The Substance of Politics, Eleventh Edition. Madras: Oxford University Press, 1975.  by BANJI, K.

1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria as Amended. Abuja: Federal Government Press, 2011. by FGN

Rage for Change, a Guide for Young Nigerians who Desire to Make a Difference. Lagos: Leap Africa, 2008.  by LEAP AFRICA

Milestone Comprehensive Civic Education for Senior Secondary Schools, Books 1 & 2. Owerri: Milestone Publishers Limited, 2012.  by MENEKE, O.A., and NWEBO, I.

Citizenship Education and Nigerian Culture. Lagos: T-Excel Publishers, 2000. by NWAUBANI, O.O.

Reading on Campus Secret Acts. Ile-Ife: O.A.U Press Ltd, 1997.  by OGUNBAMERUN, O.A.

Reading on Campus Secret Acts. Ile-Ife: O.A.U Press Ltd, 1997.  by OKUNLOYE, R.W., et al

Reading on Campus Secret Acts. Ile-Ife: O.A.U Press Ltd, 1997.  by OLURODE, L. & O. SOYOMBO (eds)

Straight-Gate Civic Education for Senior Secondary Schools, Books 1 & 2. Ibadan: Straight-Gate Publishers Ltd, 2012. Government For Senior Secondary Schools. Lagos: Longman Nig Ltd, 1990.  by ONI, E.O., et al

Introduction to Political Science. Ibadan: Oyediran Consults International, 1998.  by OYEDIRAN, O., et al.

HIV/AIDS: Hope in the Midst of Despair. Lagos: Megarona (West Africa) Ltd, 2005.  by OYEDIRAN, O.

Basic Civic Education for Senior Secondary Schools, SS 2. Owerri: Maybiks Nigeria Publisher.  by TANYA, R.H.

Basic Civic Education for Senior Secondary Schools, SS 2. Owerri: Maybiks Nigeria Publisher. by UKEGBU, M.N., et al.

Human Rights: the International Bill of Human Rights. New York: United Nations Organization, 1993
Reading on Campus Secret Acts. Ile-Ife: O.A.U Press Ltd, 1997.  by UNO

Civic Education for Senior Secondary, Books 1, 2 & 3, UBE Edition. Lagos: Learn Africa PLC, 2011.

Readings in Campus Violence. Lagos: John West Publications Ltd, 2004.APPADORAI A.

Above is the NECO Syllabus for CIVIC EDUCATION