WAEC Syllabus For Civic Education 2024

The WAEC syllabus for Civic Education is currently available. To learn about the topics from which exam questions will be drawn during the WASSCE exercise, it is expected of all candidates to download and thoroughly review these areas of concentration. It is mentioned that the West African Examination Council (WAEC) has approved these topics.

You are required to use a few recommended textbooks in order to complete this curriculum. Civic education is a mandatory subject for students taking art and commercial classes in senior secondary schools. If you want to pass Civic Education in your WAEC, you must be aware of the approved WAEC Civic Education syllabus for 2024/2025, which is the current academic session, and you must follow the information in the syllabus.

You must prepare for the exam by going through the WAEC Civic Education syllabus. It includes the goals and objectives, notes, and exam structure for the Civic Education course. To prepare for your exam, you must study the Civic Education curriculum. It will act as a guide for you to determine the subjects to read. There are also notes on ideas that you ought to focus on understanding.

Use the syllabus as a starting point for your exam preparations. The West African Examination Council’s (WAEC) suggested textbooks and Civic Education syllabus are included in this post.

WAEC Syllabus

The West African Examination Council’s (WAEC) syllabus is a formal document that lists the subjects that students should study for their exams. It is very significant because exam questions might be based on it. It is also available in pdf format and covers every subject you would study for the exam.

You would find learning objectives in each of the topics that you would need to study for. This is so because each of the topics’ main points can be found in the dreams.

Aims And Objectives

This syllabus aims to evaluate a candidate’s capacity to:

  1. comprehend the significance of citizenship in society
  2. inform the populace of the makeup, responsibilities, and operations of the government
  3. understand societal issues that are arising
  4. knowing your responsibilities to society and the government in terms of your rights, duties, and obligations
  5. respect democratic principles and work to uphold them

Examination Scheme

There will be two exams, Papers 1 and 2, both of which will be composite exams that must be taken in one sitting.

Paper 1: This test will be a one-hour multiple-choice exam with fifty questions culled from the entire curriculum and will be worth 40 marks.

Paper 2: This test will be a one-hour multiple-choice exam with fifty questions culled from the entire curriculum and will be worth 40 marks: Sections A, B, and C.

There are three questions in each section. Candidates must select at least one answer from each Section to complete the four questions. There will be 60 marks on the paper.

The following curriculum topics will be covered in the sections:

Section A:   National Ethics, discipline, rights, and Obligation

Section B:  Emerging Issues in the society

Section C:   Governmental System and Processes

S/N Author Title
  1                               ADEBAYO, A.              Politics and Administration in Nigeria. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Ltd, 1986.
2 ANIFOWOSE, R. & F. ENEMUO (eds) Principles and Practice of Public Administration in Nigeria.  Ibadan: Spectrum Books Ltd, 2000.
3 ADAMOLEKUN, L. Elements of Politics. Lagos: Sam Iroanusi Publications, 1999
4 APPADORAI A. The Substance of Politics, Eleventh Edition. Madras: Oxford University Press, 1975.
5 BANJI, K. Citizenship Education. Lagos: Dedun Educational Books, 1976.
6 FGN 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria as Amended. Abuja: Federal Government Press, 2011.
7 LEAP AFRICA Rage for Change, a Guide for Young Nigerians who Desire to Make a Difference. Lagos: Leap Africa, 2008.
8 MENEKE, O.A. and NWEBO, I. Milestone Comprehensive Civic Education for Senior Secondary Schools, Books 1 & 2. Owerri: Milestone Publishers Limited, 2012.
9 NWAUBANI, O.O. Citizenship Education and Nigerian Culture. Lagos: T-Excel Publishers, 2000.
10 OGUNBAMERUN, O.A. Reading on Campus Secret Acts. Ile-Ife: O.A.U Press Ltd, 1997.
11 OKUNLOYE, R.W., et al Civic Education for Senior Secondary, Books 1, 2 & 3, UBE Edition. Lagos: Learn Africa PLC, 2011.
12 OLURODE, L. & O. SOYOMBO (eds) Readings in Campus Violence. Lagos: John West Publications Ltd, 2004.
13 ONI, E.O., et al Straight-Gate Civic Education for Senior Secondary Schools, Books 1 & 2. Ibadan: Straight-Gate Publishers Ltd, 2012.
14 OYEDIRAN, O., et al. Government For Senior Secondary Schools. Lagos: Longman Nig Ltd, 1990.
15 OYEDIRAN, O. Introduction to Political Science. Ibadan: Oyediran Consults International, 1998.
16 TANYA, R.H. HIV/AIDS: Hope in the Midst of Despair. Lagos: Megarona (West Africa) Ltd, 2005.
17 UKEGBU, M.N., et al. Basic Civic Education for Senior Secondary Schools, SS 2. Owerri: Maybiks Nigeria Publisher.
18 UNO Human Rights: the International Bill of Human Rights. New York: United Nations Organization, 1993.

WAEC Civic Education Syllabus

Section A: National Ethics, Discipline, Rights, and Obligations


  1. definition,
  2. types,
  3. importance of values to society.

Citizenship and Nationalism

  1. meaning of citizenship;
  2. meaning of citizenship education;
  3. goals of citizenship education;
  4. duties and obligations of citizens;
  5. meaning of nationalism;
  6.  ways of promoting national consciousness, integrity, and unity in society;
  7. the nationalistic roles of individuals and groups;
  8. identification of local and world civic problems.

Human Rights

  1. meaning of human rights;
  2. categories of human rights;
  3. characteristics of human rights;
  4. meaning and historical background of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR);
  5. meaning and identification of the seven core freedoms of UDHR;
  6. importance of UDHR;
  7. roles of individuals, groups, and government in UDHR;
  8. limitations to the exercise of human rights.

Law and Order

  1. definition of Law and Order;
  2. features of Law and Order;
  3. importance of Law and Order in society;
  4. meaning of constituted authority;
  5. types of constituted authority;
  6. importance and roles of constituted authority.                        

Responsible Parenthood

  1. meaning of responsible parenthood;
  2. roles of responsible parents;
  3.  importance of responsible parenthood in national development.

Traffic Regulations

  1. meaning of traffic regulations;
  2. traffic regulation and its importance in society;
  3. the roles of the individual and government in maintaining traffic regulations.

Inter-Personal Relationships

  1. meaning of inter-personal relationships;
  2. types of interpersonal relationships;
  3. skills that promote interpersonal relationships;
  4. meaning of inter-communal relationships;
  5. importance of inter-communal relationships;
  6. meaning of inter-communal conflicts.
  7. skills for resolving inter-communal conflicts.

Section B: Emerging Issues in the Society


  1. meaning and origin of cultism;
  2. different cult groups in Nigeria and their symbols;
  3. reasons for cultism;
  4. consequences of cultism;
  5. ways of preventing cultism in society.

Drugs and Drug Abuse

  1. meaning of drug abuse;
  2. drugs that can be abused;
  3. how drugs are abused;
  4. symptoms of drug abuse;
  5. behaviors of drug addicts;
  6. ways of preventing drug abuse;
  7. government agencies working to prevent drug abuse/trafficking and their activities;
  8. laws against drug abuse.

Human Trafficking

  1. meaning of human trafficking;
  2. causes of human trafficking;
  3. effects and consequences of human trafficking;
  4. efforts of government and individuals in stopping human trafficking.


  1. meaning of HIV/AIDS;
  2. causes of HIV/AIDS;
  3. symptoms and effects of HIV/AIDS;
  4. prevention of HIV/AIDS;
  5. stigmatization of people living with HIV/AIDS.

Youth Empowerment

  1. meaning of youth empowerment;
  2. youth empowerment skills;
  3. importance and benefits of youth empowerment skills.
  4. efforts of the government towards youth empowerment.

Section C: Governmental System and Processes

  1. meaning of government;
  2. structure/tiers of government;
  3. functions of government.

Democracy, Rule of Law, and National Development

  1. meaning, types, and features of democracy;
  2. importance of democracy;
  3. pillars of democracy;
  4. problems of democracy;
  5. meaning of rule of law;
  6. features of rule of law;
  7. importance of rule of law;
  8. problems of rule of law;
  9. meaning of national development;
  10.  how democracy and Rule of law promote national development- good governance, employment creation, and poverty alleviation, etc.

Political Apathy

  1. meaning of political apathy;
  2. causes of political apathy;
  3. consequences of political apathy;
  4. why leaders fail to protect the interests of their followers;
  5. how leaders can protect the interests of their followers;
  6. ways of discouraging political apathy.

Civil Society and Population Participation

  1. meaning of popular participation;
  2. types of popular participation;
  3. the need for popular participation in society;
  4. traditional and modern modes of popular participation;
  5. achieving popular participation in politics;
  6. meaning of civil society;
  7. functions/needs for civil society;
  8. qualities/characteristics of civil society; i.e. accountability, fairness, justice, equity, etc.
  9. problems of civil society; i.e. bribery and corruption, inadequate funding, the overbearing influence of foreign donors, etc.

Public Service in Democracy

  1. meaning of public service;
  2. functions of public service;
  3. problems of public service;
  4. reasons for the shortcomings in public service;
  5. ways of improving public service.

We hope the information above has been useful. But we do welcome inquiries, so if you have any about the WAEC 2024/2025 Civic Education Syllabus, please contact us through the comment section below, and we’ll get back to you as soon as possible. The above should be taken very seriously by all WAEC candidates taking art and commercial classes since it is the syllabus for civic education that has been approved for the 2024/2025 academic year.