WAEC Syllabus for Efik Language 2024

Sound knowledge of the culture and literature of the Efik language is the foundational need for persons who desire an all-inclusive knowledge of the Efik people.

On the basis of this, the West African Examination Council carefully design the WAEC Efik syllabus for candidates learning Efik. With necessary precautions to ensure candidates read the Efik language rubrics.

The syllabus covers such important areas of the language as the sound system, grammar, culture, worldview, etc.

The WAEC syllabus for Efik contains topic you must study to sit for the examination. It contains the aims and objectives, notes, and format for the Efik exam.

Studying the WAEC Efik syllabus is necessary for your exam preparation. It will serve as a guide for you to know the topics to read. There are also notes on concepts you should pay attention to learning.

Making preparations for the Efik WAEC exams without employing the Efik syllabus is like a farmer without his agricultural tools. Make adequate use of the syllabus as a starting point for your exam preparations.

This article contains the WAEC Efik syllabus and recommended textbooks of the West African Examination Council (WAEC).

WAEC Syllabus for Efik Language

Sound knowledge of the Efịk language, literature, and culture is a fundamental need for all who desire comprehensive knowledge of the Efịk people.

Based on this, the Efịk syllabus is designed for candidates studying Efịk. Adequate care has been taken to ensure that candidates go through the rubrics of the Efịk language.

The syllabus covers such important areas of the language as the sound system, grammar, culture, worldview, etc.

Objectives of the Syllabus

The objectives of the syllabus are as follows:

1. To enable candidates to speak, read and write Efịk properly and communicate effectively in it.

2. To familiarize them with the sound system, grammatical structures, and other features of the Efịk language

3. To expose the candidates to Efịk culture – customs, institutions, worldview, etc.

4. To provide them with the necessary tools needed for creative writing and appreciation of the Efịk language and literature.

The rubrics shall be written in Efịk. Candidates will be required to answer all the questions in Efịk using the standard orthography and Metalanguage.

The subject will consist of two papers, Papers 1 and 2 both of which will make a composite paper and will be taken at one sitting.

Paper 1

PAPER 1:   Objective (1 hour)

This paper will consist of three sections, Sections A, B, and C as follows:

SECTION A: Language

SECTION B: Literature

SECTION C: Culture

The paper will contain a total of sixty multiple-choice objective questions distributed as follows:

Section A on Language will contain thirty questions distributed as follows:

  • Comprehension (2 short passages) – 10 items
  • Composition/Letter writing –   4 items
  • Sound system –   4 items
  • Word and sentence structure –   8 items
  • Translation –   4 items

Section B on Literature will also contain twenty-two questions distributed as follows:

  • Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation –   4 items
  • Oral Literature – Prose – 3 items
  • Poetry  – 3 items –   9 items
  • Drama – 3 items
  • Written Literature – Prose – 3 items
  • Poetry  – 3 items –   9 items
  • Drama – 3 items

In this section, all questions other than those on Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation will be based on the set books for Paper 2.

Section C on Culture will contain the remaining eight questions which will be distributed as follows:

  • Customs –   4 items
  • Institutions –   4 items

The paper will carry 60 marks.

Paper 2

PAPER 2: This will be an essay test having three sections, Sections A, B, and C on Language, Literature, and Culture respectively.

Candidates will be required to answer six questions in all; three from Section A, two from Section B, and one from Section C in 2 hours for 100 marks. The rubrics shall be written in Efịk.

Further details on the paper are as follows:

Section A: Language

(i)   Composition/Letter Writing:

Candidates are advised to write about 300 words and spend not more than 45 minutes on this section. The topics chosen will include any of the following essay types:

  1. Narrative
  2. Descriptive
  3. Argumentative
  4. Expository
  5. Dialogue
  6. Debate
  7. Letter writing
  8. Sound System

Candidates will be required to answer one question out of the two questions set. Questions will test candidates’ knowledge of:

(i) Vowels and Consonants   (a) their production in terms of place and manner of articulation   (b) their basic phonetic and phonemic classifications

(ii)  Syllable structure – the way consonants and vowels combine in words

(iii)   Sound processes e.g. vowel harmony, assimilation, elision, deletion, etc. (c)  Their distribution – Environment of occurrence (initially, medially, and finally e.g. /ọ/ in ọbọñ – ‘king’; ọkọ – ‘fence’).

(iv)  Adaptation of loanwords

(v)   Tone and intonation

  • High tone
  • Low tone
  • Falling tone
  • Rising tone

(iii)  Grammar

Candidates will be required to answer one question out of the two questions to be set.

Questions will test candidates knowledge of:

(i) Word structure and word formation: root, affixes, (prefix, suffix); compounding, borrowing, reduplication, etc.

(ii) Word classes: nouns, verbs, adverbs, pronouns, adjectives, etc

(iii) Grammatical categories: number, person, tense, negation, etc.

(iv) Phrases and clauses: types and functions

(v) The structure and types of sentences.

Section B: Literature

This section will consist of questions on the set books for Oral and Written Literature.

There will be one question on each of the three set books for Oral Literature and three for Written Literature, making a total of six questions.

Candidates will be required to answer two questions out of the six, i.e one on Oral Literature and one on Written Literature.

  • Oral Literature – Prose, Poetry, Drama
  • Prose (Folktales, legends, proverbs, riddles, etc)
  • Poetry (songs, ballads)
  • Drama (Traditional drama)

In Oral Literature, there will be three textbooks covering different genres. One question will be set on each set book and candidates will be required to answer any one of the three questions.

Written Literature – Prose, Poetry, Drama

In Written Literature, there will be three textbooks covering the different genres. One question will be set from each set book and candidates will be required to answer any one of the three questions.

Section C: Culture

This section will consist of questions on Customs and Institutions. Two questions will be set and candidates will be required to answer one.

Topics to be examined include:

  1. Edu Uwem (customs)
  2. Mme ubọk utom
  3. ukọ iyak
  4. utọ inwaṅ
  5. unyam urua
  6. utom usọ
  • Ukpep nti edu uwem ye mme ufon mmọ – (Good upbringing and its benefits)

–  Udia ye edu utem/unam udia nte

  • enamde kadi
  • enamdi fufu
  • ebokde mme efere
  • etemde ekpaṅ ṅkukwọ
  • uduọk mmịn – Libation
  • Nsionsio nka (Different Institutions)
  • Ubon/ekpuk – (family)
  • Usuṅ edade ebọk nditọ
  • Edu ukpono/se ekponode – (Worship)
  • Abasi
  • Ndem
  • Ibọk
  • Mbukpo

 

  • Mme nke (Proverbs)
  • Mme nke etopdetop
  • Ubọṅ
  • Mme ndedịbe nka ke Efịk (Secret Society)

Oral Literature

TITLE AUTHOR PUBLISHER
DRAMA Ido Owo Udo A. U. Usϙrϙ Macmillan Nig. Pub. Ltd, 1997
PROSE Motanda Oyom  Namondo  E. E. Nkana Wusen Press Ltd.
POETRY Edikot Nwed Mbuk 4 E. N. Amaku PAICO Ltd. (Press & Books), 1987

Written Language

TITLE AUTHOR PUBLISHER
DRAMA Ansa Udϙ Enañ Etubom Thomas A. Effiom Macmillan Nig. Pub. Ltd, 1997
PROSE Edikot Nwed Mbuk (4-6) E. N. Amaku PAICO Ltd. (Press & Books), 1987
POETRY Edikot Nwed Mbuk 5 E. N. Amaku PAICO Ltd. (Press & Books), 1987

Selected Poems – Mme Uto Emekde

1. Okpo-Eno

2. Ekere ňkpϙ ayak enim

3. Edim ukwϙ asainariwa

4. Ekokoi esua Nyϙk (Enen)

5. Idorenyin ke esit owo, asiaha nte idem

6. Mnanake ňkpo ndomo kiet ke isϙñ emi ke usen

7. Nyϙñ Udo

8. Ada to e-fig

9. Ekombi itiat ntokon

10. Eyak ikpϙñ owo etietie suñ

Selected Poems – Mme Uto Emekde

1. Kop Enyϙñ Asiboñ Edem K’ Otop Ikañ – pg 1

2. Uwem Do ke Tin-Apa – pg 25

3. Owo Edi Ñkpϙndịk – pg 35

4. Oyobio – pg 41

5. Garri – pg 43

6. Idap – pg 46

7. Tehede Ube Fo! – pg 50

8. Mbre Ludo Ye Uwem – pg 53

9. Ňkam Ndi Ndem, Mme Christ Edinyaña – pg 59

10. Iyañ Ibom – pg 64

 Language

TITLE AUTHOR PUBLISHER
Nti Edu Ukpep Nditϙ Ikϙ Efịk NERDC West African Book Publishers Ltd, 1987
Mme Ukpepñkpϙ Ikϙ Efịk(4 – 6) O. A. Akpanyuñ  & others Thomas Nelson, 1978

Culture

TITLE AUTHOR PUBLISHER
Koko 3 Grace Davis Gradad Prints, Calabar (2012)
Mme Ukpepñkpϙ Ikϙ Efịk 3 O. A. Akpanyuñ  & others Thomas Nelson, 1978

General Reference Books

TITLE AUTHOR PUBLISHER
Efịk Language Course Ekefre N.U Evans Brothers Publishers, Ibadan
A Study of Efịk for Schools and Colleges Akpanyun O.A Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd. New York
Mbet Usem Efịk Ye Ubet Nke Efik Amaku  E.N. Glad Tidings Press Ltd.
 Traditional Presentations in Efịk Language Amaku E.N. Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd.
A Learner’s Dictionary of Efik Language Aye E.U. Evans Brothers Nigeria Publishers Ltd. 1991
Utanda Oyom Namondo E.E.Nkana Wusen Press Ltd. Calabar

2016 – 2020

Oral Literature

TITLE AUTHOR PUBLISHER
DRAMA Iyañ Abasi Ndem E. N. Amaku Nelson
 PROSE Obufa Edikot Ňwed 6  Mary J. Edet Macmillan. Pub.  Nigeria
 POETRY Ufϙk-Uto ikϙ Efịk E.N. Amaku  

 

 

Written Literature

TITLE AUTHOR PUBLISHER
DRAMA Sidịbe Chief E.A. Edyang UPL Ibadan 1982
PROSE Edikot Nwed Mbuk (4 – 6) E. N. Amaku Excel Publishers 2009
POETRY Ufϙk-Uto ikϙ Efịk E.N. Amaku PAICO Ltd (Press & Books, 1987)

Selected Poems – Mme Uto Emekde

1. Idorenyin – pg 69

2. Tuk Enye, Du Uwem – pg 71

3. Mme Okpon Ibuot Esañ – pg 77

4. Ọkϙp Ọwϙrϙ Mkpa – pg 79

5. Nsem ‘Idem Owo Udϙnϙ – pg 81

6. Baba – pg 84

7. Ubomekϙñ Ofum Ku fe Mi – pg 91

8. Eyen Obiom – pg 95

9. Ukut Ye Idorenịn Owo Abasi – pg 100

10. Enañekuñ A-Sanu – pg 118

Selected Poems – Mme Uto Emekde

1. Kop Enyϙñ Asiboñ Edem K’ Otop Ikañ – pg 1

2. Uwem Do ke Tin-Apa – pg 25

3. Owo Edi Ñkpϙndịk – pg 35

4. Oyobio – pg 41

5. Garri – pg 43

6. Idap – pg 46

7. Tehede Ube Fo! – pg 50

8. Mbre Ludo Ye Uwem – pg 53

9. Ňkam Ndi Ndem, Mme Christ Edinyaña – pg 5910.

10. Iyañ Ibom – pg 64

Language

TITLE AUTHOR PUBLISHER
Nti Edu Ukpep Nditϙ Ikϙ Efịk NERDC West African Book Publishers Ltd, 1987
Mme Ukpepñkpϙ Ikϙ Efịk(4 – 6) O. A. Akpanyuñ  & others Thomas Nelson, 1978

Culture

TITLE AUTHOR PUBLISHER
Koko 3 Grace Davis Gradad Prints, Calabar (2012)
Mme Ukpepñkpϙ Ikϙ Efịk 3 O. A. Akpanyuñ  & others

GENERAL BOOKS

TITLE AUTHOR PUBLISHER
Efịk Language Course  Ekefre N.U Evans Brothers Publishers, Ibadan
A Study of Efịk for Schools    and Colleges Akpanyun O.A Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd. New York
Mbet Usem Efịk Ye Ubet Nke Efik Amaku  E.N. Glad Tidings Press Ltd.
 Traditional Presentations in Efịk Language Amaku E.N. Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd.
A Learner’s Dictionary of Efik Language Aye E.U. Evans Brothers Nigeria Publishers Ltd. 1991
Uganda Oyom Namondo E.E.Nkana Wusen Press Ltd. Calabar
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