WAEC Syllabus For Yoruba 2024

The WAEC syllabus for Yoruba is a curriculum you must go through as you prepare to write the WAEC Yoruba examination.  It includes the goals and objectives, study materials, and structure for the Yoruba exam. For your exam preparation, you must know the areas the questions will be derived.

It will act as a guide for you to determine the subjects to read. There are also notes on ideas that you ought to focus on understanding. Use the syllabus as a starting point for your exam preparations. The Yoruba and suggested textbooks of the West African Examination Council (WAEC) are included in this post.

Aims And Objectives

The syllabus is designed to:

  • allow candidates to interact effectively with other Yoruba speakers by speaking, reading, and writing the language fluently;
  • teach candidates the grammatical structures, sound system, and other aspects of the Yoruba language;
  • give candidates the knowledge and skills they need to understand Yoruba language, literature, and culture (including practices and institutions) in depth.

WAEC Syllabus For Yoruba 2024

Scheme Of Examination

There will be two papers in the exam: Papers 1 and 2. The Yoruba language’s comprehension, composition, sound system, grammar, and translation will all be put to the test.

Additionally, it will assess selected works of oral and written literature as well as the fundamental ideas, practices, and institutions of literary appreciation. The grading criteria must be written in Yoruba.


60 multiple-choice, objective questions on language, literature, and culture will be included. Sections A, B, and C make up the three sections of the paper.

Candidates will have one hour to complete all of the questions for a total of 60 points. The questions will be given out in the following order:

Section A: Language

  • Comprehension (2 short passages) – 10 items
  • Composition –   4 items
  • Sound System –   6 items
  • Grammar –   6 items
  • Translation –   4 items

Section B: Literature

Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation – 4 items

Oral Literature

  • Prose –  3
  • Poetry –  3 – 9 items
  • Drama –  3

Written Literature –

  • Prose –  3
  • Poetry –  3 – 9 items
  • Drama –  3

Section C: Culture

Customs – 4 items

Institutions – 4 items

8 items

Total = (30 + 22 + 8) = 60 items


The content for Paper 1 shall be the same as for Paper 2

In Section B, all questions other than those on Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation will be on the set books for Paper 2.


on language, literature, and culture will be essay-style questions. It will also have three sections: Sections A, B, and C. Each section will last two hours and be worth 100 points.

Candidates will have to respond to a total of six questions: three from Section A, two from Section B, and one from Section C. Additionally, they will be required to respond to all of the questions in Yoruba using the metalanguage and official orthography of the language.




Candidates are advised to write 300 words and spend not more than 45 minutes on this section. The essay will be any of the following types:

  • Narrative
  • Descriptive
  • Argumentative
  • Expository
  • Dialogue
  • Debate
  • Letter writing

Sound System

Candidates will be required to answer one question from the two to be set.

Areas to cover include:

  • Vowels, Consonants, and Syllabic nasal
  • their production in terms of place and manner
  • their basic phonetic and phonemic classification
  • Syllable structure
  • Sound processes, e.g. vowel harmony
  • Sound system aspect of the orthography
  • Tones and tone notation


Candidates will be required to answer one question from the two questions to be made available.

Areas to cover are:

  1. Word structure and word formation
  2. Numerals: basic and derived
  3. Word classes: nouns, verbs, adverbs, pronouns, adjectives, etc
  4. Grammatical categories: subject, object, complement, predicate, number, person,         tense, aspect, mood, etc.
  5. Phrases and clauses
  6. The structure and type of sentences.

SECTION B: Literature

This section is made up of Oral Literature and Written Literature.

Oral Literature – Prose, Poetry, Drama

In Oral Literature, there will be 3 set books covering the different genres. 1 question will be set from each set book and candidates will be required to answer any 1 of the 3 questions.

Written Literature – Prose, Poetry, Drama

In Written Literature, there will be three set books covering the different genres. One question will be set from each set book and candidates will be required to answer any one of the three questions.

SECTION C: Culture

This section will consist of questions on customs and institutions. Two questions will be set and candidates will be required to answer any one of them.

Areas to cover will include:


  • Make-up and adornments
  • In-door and out-door games
  • Pregnancy and its care
  • Naming
  • Home training: greetings, respect for superiors, cleanliness, tolerance, integrity, hard work, etc.
  • Yoruba foods
  • Non-verbal communication
  • Funerals: traditional and modern methods
  • Inheritance: traditional and modern methods.


  • Traditional occupations
  • Marriage
  • Politics: family structure, age grades, chieftaincy, Obaship, etc.
  • Child care
  • Ancestors
  • Yoruba beliefs about Olodumare (God), deities/divinities, other invisible forces, etc.
  • Modern religions: Islam, Christianity, etc.
  • Economy: adverts, money lending, cooperative efforts, etc.

NB: To enhance the teaching of this language, it is recommended that schools provide audio-visual materials such as television sets, radios, tape recorders and tapes, cameras, charts, and artifacts.


1. Abiodun, Jibola: (1996) Aroko Ati Aayan, Ogbufo. Majab (Ilorin)

2. Owolabi, K: (1989) Ijinle Itupale Ede Yoruba Extension Publications  (Ibadan)

3. Bamgbose, A:  (1991) Fonoloji Ati Girama Yoruba. University Press (Ibadan)




1. Ojo, Olagoke: (2005) Ijapa Tiroko Oko Yannibo Longman (Lagos)


2. Abimbola, Wande: (2004) Awon Oju Odu University Press Mereerindinlogun (Ibadan) (ppi-xxxi; 52 – 96)


3. Ogunniran, L: (2007)   Eegun Alare Macmillan (Lagos)



4. Eso-Oluborode, Sunday: Olorunsogo Sumob Publishers (1994) (Osogbo)


5. Olayiwola, Ademola: Akowe ko wura Extension Publications (2007) (Ibadan)


6. Awe, Debo: (2004) Apoti Alakara  Elyon Pulibshers (Ilesa)


1. Adeoye, C.L.: (1979) Asa Ati Ise Yoruba University Press (Ibadan)

2. Olajubu, O. (1978) Iwe Asa Ibile Yoruba Longman (Lagos)

3. Daramola, A. ati Jeje. Asa Ati Orisa Onibon-Oje (Ibadan)



  • Bamgbose (ed): (1983)    Iwe Ede Iperi Yoruba Vol. 1  YSAN/NERDC
  • Awobuluyi (ed): (1990)    Iwe Ede Iperi Yoruba Vo. ll   UPL/NERDC
  • Egbe Akomolede ati Asa    Eko Ede Yoruba Ode Oni SSI – III Macmillan Yoruba, Naijiria: (1988)
  • Ajayi W.B.: (1989)   Egberun Ibeere Ewonidahun    Hienemann
  • Mustapha D-et al: (1983) Osupa Ede Yoruba I-III    Nelson (1987)   Iwe Eko Ede Yoruba Titun I-III UPL
  • Owolabi, O. et al:  (1984)   Ijinle Ede ati Litireso Yoruba    Evans
  • Babalola, A. et al:  (1988)   Iwe Imodotun Yoruba I-III    Longman
  • Awoyale, Y. et al:  (1984)   Eko Ede Yoruba Ode Oni JSI-III    Macmillan
  • Egbe Akomolede ati      Yoruba Gbode    Macmillan AsaYoruba, Naijiria: (1986)
  • Odujinrin, J.S.A.:  Modern Lesson in Yoruba Part I-III     Odujinrin Publishers
  • Awobuluyi, O. (1978)  Essentials of Yoruba Grammar    UPL
  • Bamgbose, A. (1967) A short Yoruba Grammar    Heinemann
  • Akinlade, Kola: (1987) Owe Pelu Itumo    Longman
  • Fabunmi, M.A.(1969) Yoruba Idioms.  AUP
  • Delano, I.O. Owe Lesin Oro UPL
  • Koseemanii, Supo: (1987) Owe ati Asayan Oro Yoruba Vantage
  • Olopade, A: (1991) Asayan Akanlo – Ede Yoruba Gbemi Sodipo Press
  • Adewoyin, S.Y. (2006) Imo Ede, Asa ati Corpomutt Publishers Litireso Yoruba 1-III


  • Alaba and Ogunsipe: (1982) Iwe Afinimona Lori Awon Nelson
  • Iwe Fagunwa
  • Ogunsina, Bisi: (1981) Iwe Akoyawo Alaye lori O le ku UPL
  • Egbe Akomolede ati Asa Ewi Yoruba Lakotun 1-III Evans
  • Yoruba, Naijiria: (2007)


  • Ladele, T.A.A. et al (1986) Akojopo Ijinle Asa Yoruba Macmillan
  • Adeoye, C.L.: (1985) Igbagbo ati Esin Yoruba Evans
  • Opadotun, O.: (1966) Aroko Vantage
  • Adeniji, A.A.: (1987) Ogun ni ile Yoruba Longman
  • Adeoye, C.L.: (1982) Oruko Yoruba UPL.

Hope the information above has been of some assistance. That is the approved WAEC syllabus for the Yoruba language for the academic year 2024/2025.